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托福写作之家庭教育类题目的举证方法

2020-04-17 13:19 来源: 济南环雅 作者:admin 浏览
核心提示: 在托福写作的题目中,我们有很多关于家庭教育类的题目,比如说家长要不要教孩子做作业等等,在这里我们对这一类题目进行统一的解答。 家庭教育类题目 在托福写作中常见的这类题目如下: 08年11月15日题目: Parents cant control children. What the children

在托福写作的题目中,我们有很多关于家庭教育类的题目,比如说家长要不要教孩子做作业等等,在这里我们对这一类题目进行统一的解答。
 
家庭教育类题目
 
在托福写作中常见的这类题目如下:
08年11月15日题目:Parents can't control children. What the children do can easily be influenced by TV, radio, and the outside world.
09年10月24日题目: Parents should help their children prepare for future life by means like encouraging them to take part-time jobs.
17年02月06日题目: Rather than help children with their schoolwork, parents should encourage their children do their work independently.
 
这些题目的思路其实很简单,我们拿17年2月6号的题目来说,这道题目马上大家就能够想到观点:不要帮助孩子。
论点:1. 不帮助可以培养孩子的独立性,为未来做准备。
然后,就没有然后了……
也就是说,这个题目的第二个论点其实还是有些难度的。
 
曾经有考生写可以培养孩子解决问题的能力,这个看似也是一个很好的点,但是却最终得分不高。原因是电脑判断这个论点和第一个论点重复,第一个论点从某种程度上包含了第二个论点。
 
在现行如此严苛的评分标准下,这个很容易被认为是重复的论点是非常不可取的。
 
那么,遇到这种不容易写的题目时该怎么办呢?
 
分类讨论大法
 
遇到列不出论点的时候,我们就要祭出我们的分类讨论大法了——对于家庭教育和独立自主这两类题目,我们的分类标准非常简单:长期和短期。
 
短期来看,有人帮助是很好的可以让我们迅速上手某些事务,但是长期来看,爱就是放手了。
 
题目:Rather than help their children do schoolwork, parents should encourage their children do their homework independently.
 
观点:At the beginning of a youngster’s study, parents should help their kids finish their homework, while with time going on, when kids have accumulated enough knowledge, parents should learn to let go so that their kids can mature.
 
论点1: When children just enter school, their insufficient knowledge reserve and poor study habits always make them struggle with their homework, so in the early stages of learning, parents should help build up their children’s knowledge archive and cultivate good habits for the kids.
 
论点2: As children have accrued enough knowledge and cultivated proper learning habits, parents are supposed to lessen the reign and allow the kids to do their homework independently. 
 
与之相关的例子,我们也可以考虑选择“飞行员的训练”。刚开始的时候飞行员是需要教练员带着一起飞的,但是要成为一名真正的飞行员的话,后期必须要具备独自飞行的能力。
 
例子如下:
第一个论点:Take the training of pilots as an example. Pilots have to complete hundreds of hours of flight simulator training and mechanic studies before they have access to a real aircraft. However, at that time they are not allowed to fly alone. There is senior instructor sitting as co-pilot to supervise the novice pilot and correct his mistakes to avoid danger; after all, the freshmen have little knowledge of coping with different situations, and the instructor needs to impart them with sufficient knowledge so that they can grow quickly and become a qualified pilot. Similarly, parents who, at the beginning of their kid’s study, have to carefully inspect the process of the children’s study because they can instill some useful knowledge and cultivate a proper studying habit for the youngsters.
 
全文翻译如下:
以飞行员培训为例。飞行员必须完成数百小时的飞行模拟器训练和机械学习,然后才能使用真正的飞机。然而,在那个时候,他们不允许单独飞行。有资深教官担任副驾驶,监督新手驾驶,纠正错误,避免危险;毕竟,新生对于如何应对不同的情况知之甚少,老师需要传授足够的知识,这样他们才能快速成长,成为一名合格的飞行员。同样,父母在孩子学习之初,必须仔细检查孩子的学习过程,因为他们可以灌输一些有用的知识,培养孩子适当的学习习惯。
 
第二个论点例子:
Going back to the case of pilot training. When pilots have accumulated enough flying hours, they can fly alone. It was a milestone in the life of a pilot, no lessimportant than the subsequent promotion from first officer to captain for it marks the ability of the pilot to deal with various emergencies independently. It is even said that if a pilot has not been able to fly an aircraft alone, he or she is not a qualified pilot. In order to make qualify, the coaches have to let go of the novice pilots. The same applies to children’s learning. Having possessed some knowledge from their teachers or parents, the youngsters are equipped with the capacity to deal with their homework independently. At that moment, therefore, parents should let their kids handle the assignment completely on their own. Perhaps children will encounter some problems they cannot solve, but they are the pains the offspring have to go through along the way, and there is no need to interfere. 
 
全文翻译如下:
回到飞行员训练的例子。当飞行员积累了足够的飞行时间后,他们就可以单独飞行了。这是飞行员一生中的一个里程碑,其重要性不亚于后来从大副晋升为机长,因为这标志着飞行员有能力独立处理各种突发事件。甚至有人说,如果一个飞行员不能单独驾驶飞机,他或她就不是一个合格的飞行员。为了取得资格,教练们必须让新飞行员离开。这同样适用于儿童的学习。由于从老师或父母那里获得了一些知识,孩子们有能力独立完成家庭作业。因此,在那一刻,父母应该让他们的孩子完全自己处理作业。也许孩子们会遇到一些他们无法解决的问题,但这些问题是孩子们在成长过程中所经历的痛苦,没有必要去干涉。
 
其他有关家庭教育的问题也是可以套用这个例子来说明的,这里因为篇幅的关系,我就不去展开阐述了.

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