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场景词之雅思听力机经词汇精选

2020-05-22 10:35 来源: 环球雅思 作者:admin 浏览
核心提示: 很多人关注雅思词汇量的问题,那么雅思学习需要多少词汇呢? 如果要拿高分,何止是要掌握8000啊,1万都不行,不过要是只需要过6分,掌握5500个单词以上已经足够了。 总起来说,雅思有别于TOEFL、CET4、CET6等其他考试,需要掌握的单词很难量化, IELTS考试听


很多人关注雅思词汇量的问题,那么雅思学习需要多少词汇呢?
 
如果要拿高分,何止是要掌握8000啊,1万都不行,不过要是只需要过6分,掌握5500个单词以上已经足够了。
 
总起来说,雅思有别于TOEFL、CET4、CET6等其他考试,需要掌握的单词很难量化,IELTS考试听力部分选用的文章都来自英语国家的日常生活,因此并没有绝对的词汇数字,尽管没有绝对的单词总数设定,但单词量绝对不是最大的问题,只要掌握3000个关键词汇,就可以应对考卷的大部分内容。不过对于这3000个词汇的掌握,不仅仅是听说读写,更重要的是知道怎样去掌握和使用它们(active words),熟练掌握3000个词汇可能比简单背诵10000个单词更有用。
 
如下几个听力场景的重点词汇你都掌握了吗?
 
1. social events (section 2)
 
会议、展览、节日等社会事件是雅思听力section2经常考到的主题。在国外学生们经常参加一些大型会议和活动,他们会从网页、单页、通知版和广告上了解活动的主题、日程安排、是否提供住宿餐饮等具体信息。
  
Events: 
Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition
  
Examples: 
Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show
  
Publicity: 
website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens
  
Transportation: 
bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems
  
Agenda: 
dates, timetable
  
Focus/theme: 
music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits
  
Celebration: 
parade, dance, chorus, music band
  
Catering: 
café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue
  
Security: 
security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost
 
 
2. environment (section 2/4)
  
由于环境类词汇专业性较强,不要求大家全部记忆下来,但雅思听力在词汇方面很重要的一点是能做到到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样即使不能听懂全部内容,也能对整体脉络有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。
  
atmosphere: 
Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide
  
pollution: 
air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste
  
Geographical: 
soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation
  
energy: 
fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas
  
recycling: 
plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components
  
 
3. repair (section 1)
  
留学生在购物或者租房子后总会发现有这样那样的问题:物体的型号、保修期的长短,出现了哪些问题、具体的维修时间、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。这也体现了雅思的实际性,在复习的同时我们能对即将在国外遇到的场景有一个大致的了解,并熟悉解决问题的途径和流程。
  
What to repair: 
fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf)
  
Model type/number
  
Main problem: 
leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping
  
When to repair: 
immediately, straight away, right now, urgent
  
next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks
  
Mornings, afternoons (am pm)
  
Quality warranty: 
expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years
  
Compensation: 
refund, replacement
  
Payment: 
cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer
 
 
4. diet and health (section 4)
  
现代人越来越关心的饮食健康和生活方式问题也是雅思听力考试中的一大主题。Section 4 中经常有关于这一话题的探讨,并伴随着一些疾病的成因和治疗等考点。想必大家对于Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure等词汇已经不陌生了。
  
Food intake/elements: 
protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie
  
diet: 
cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat
  
cereals: 
wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice
  
health: 
low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis
  
Physical exercises:
running, jogging, swimming
 
 
5. medicine (section 1 )
  
雅思听力每年都会考察几次关于医疗的场景,这就要求大家在弄清西方国家医疗体系及看病流程的基础上对于医生、疾病、药物、治疗、手术等方面的常见词汇有扎实的准备。
 
doctors: 
physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner
  
treatments: 
cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,
  
diseases: 
headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee
  
medicine: 
antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks
  
surgery: 
operation
  
hospital: 
clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice
 
 
6. library (section 1/4)
 
由于国外书籍的价格普遍偏高,图书馆就成为了最受学生欢迎的地点之一。考生们需要了解图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。这样在到国外进行学习时也不会觉得茫然。
  
registration: 
information desk, information sector, librarian desk
registration fee, membership fee
  
ID documents: 
passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter 
Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password
  
Books: 
fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic
  
Periodicals:
magazines, journals Current issues, back issues
  
Technical Resources: 
photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops
  
Electronic, digital: 
CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM
  
Recall system: 
catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian
  
Circulation: 
borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve
  
Loan time: 
weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)
  
Training classes: 
research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation 
 
 
7. job hunting (section 1/2)
  
很多学生选择边打工边学习的方式来贴补生活费用,这也让他们扩大了朋友圈获得更多的社会经验数。以下是雅思听力求职场景中经常考查的细节点,请大家注意拼写。
  
Type of work: 
vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job
  
Main roles: 
receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint
  
Advantages and disadvantages: 
pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation
  
Working hours: 
am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas
  
Pay rate: 
pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage
  
Clothes: 
formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform
  
Transportation: 
bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab
  
Magazine reporters: 
housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine
 

以上就是环球雅思老师做出的讲解,希望广大考生在备考过程中能够多加注意,环球雅思为你提供便捷的一站式服务,让你轻松备考,提前熟悉考试,做足准备,轻松应对考试各个环节。  咨询电话:0531-86927699
 

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